Event-triggered Add-on Safety for Connected and Automated Vehicles Using Road-side Network Infrastructure

Event-triggered Add-on Safety for Connected and Automated Vehicles Using Road-side Network Infrastructure

Title : Event-triggered Add-on Safety for Connected and Automated Vehicles Using Road-side Network Infrastructure
Authors :
Hashemi, Ehsan
Mamduhi, Mohammad H.
Baras, John S.
Johansson, Karl Henrik
Conference : 21st International Federation of Automatic Control 2020 (IFAC) 15363-15368 , Berlin
Date: July 12 - July 17, 2020

This paper proposes an event-triggered add-on safety mechanism to adjust the control parameters for timely braking in a networked vehicular system while maintaining maneuverability.  Passenger vehicle maneuverability is significantly affected by the combined slip friction effect, in which larger longitudinal tire slips result in considerable drop in lateral tire forces. This is of higher importance when unexpected dangerous situations occur on the road and immediate actions, such as braking, need to be taken to avoid collision. Harsh braking can lead to high-slip and loss of maneuverability; hence, timely braking is essential to reduce high-slip scenarios. In addition to the vehicles own active safety systems, the proposed event-triggered add-on safety is activated upon being informed about dangers by the road-side infrastructure. The aim is to incorporate the add-on safety feature to adjust the automatic control parameters for smooth and timely braking such that a collision is avoided while vehicle’s maneuverability is maintained. We study two different wireless technologies for communication between the infrastructure and the vehicles, the Long-Term Evolution (LTE) and the fifth generation (5G) schemes. The safety advantages of the proposed framework is validated through high-fidelity software simulations.

Keywords: Connected vehicles, V2I-I2V communication, Add-on safety, 5G network slicing.

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