Joint Mobility-Aware UAV Placement and Routing in Multi-Hop UAV Relaying Systems

Joint Mobility-Aware UAV Placement and Routing in Multi-Hop UAV Relaying Systems

Title : Joint Mobility-Aware UAV Placement and Routing in Multi-Hop UAV Relaying Systems
Authors :
Baras, John S.
Gholami, Anousheh
Papagianni, Chrysa
Torkzaban, Nariman
Conference : EAI ADHOCNETS 2020 LNICST 345, pp. 55-69 , Online
Date: November 17 - November 18, 2020

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have been extensively utilized to
provide wireless connectivity in rural and under-developed areas, enhance network
capacity and provide support for peaks or unexpected surges in user demand,
mainly due to their fast deployment, cost-efficiency and superior communication
performance resulting from Line of Sight (LoS)-dominated wireless
channels. In order to exploit the benefits of UAVs as base stations or relays in a
mobile network, a major challenge is to determine the optimal UAV placement
and relocation strategy with respect to the mobility and traffic patterns of the
ground network nodes. Moreover, considering that the UAVs form a multi-hop
aerial network, capacity and connectivity constraints have significant impacts on
the end-to-end network performance. To this end, we formulate the joint UAV
placement and routing problem as a Mixed Integer Linear Program (MILP) and
propose an approximation that leads to a LP rounding algorithm and achieves a
balance between time-complexity and optimality.

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