Coordinated Scheduling and Power Control for Downlink Cross-tier Interference Mitigation in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks
Date: December 09 - December 13, 2013
In heterogeneous cellular networks, the deployment of low-powered picocells provides user offloading and capacity enhancement. The expansion of a picocell’s coverage by adding a positive bias for cell association can maximize these effects. Under this circumstance, downlink cross-tier interference from a macro base station to pico mobile stations in the expanded picocell range deteriorates those pico mobile stations’ performance significantly. In this paper, a coordinated scheduling and power control algorithm is proposed, whereby the macro base station reduces its transmission power for those victim pico mobile stations in the expanded picocell range only on a set of resource blocks to minimize performance degradation at the macro base station. First, the transmission power level is calculated based on the mobile stations’ channel condition and
QoS requirements. Then, a set of resource blocks is determined by solving a binary integer programming to minimize the sum of transmission power reduction subject to victim pico mobile stations’ QoS constraints. To reduce computational complexity, we utilize a heuristic algorithm, i.e., max-min greedy method, to solve the problem. Through system level simulations, we show that average and 5%-ile throughputs of victim pico mobile stations are significantly improved.