Authentication of area fingerprint scanners

Authentication of area fingerprint scanners

Title : Authentication of area fingerprint scanners
Authors :
Ivanov, Vladimir I
Baras, John, S.
Journal : Journal of Pattern Recognition
November 01, 2016

Each area fingerprint scanner (sensor) has a unique scanner pattern that can be used to distinguish one scanner from another. The pattern results from im- perfections in the conversion of the signal acquired from the object applied to the scanner into a digital image. The scanner pattern is a suciently unique, persistent, and unalterable intrinsic characteristic of the ngerprint scanners even to those of the same technology, manufacturer, and model. We propose a model of the image acquisition in widely-used capacitive area ngerprint scan- ners and a method to extract the pattern from a single image and compare it with a similarly extracted pattern from another image. The method is very simple and computationally ecient yet extremely accurate, achieving an equal error rate in the order of 1e-7 for 22 scanners of exactly the same model, and is also robust in a wide range of conditions. The scanner pattern can be used to enhance the security of a biometric system by detecting an attack in which an image containing the ngerprint pattern of the legitimate user and acquired by the authentic ngerprint scanner has been replaced by another image that may still contain the ngerprint pattern of the legitimate user but has been acquired by another, unauthentic ngerprint scanner, i.e., for scanner authentication.

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