A Framework for the Evaluation of Intrusion Detection Systems
Cardenas, Alvaro A
Date: May 21 - May 24, 2006
Classification accuracy in intrusion detection systems (IDSs) deals with such fundamental problems as how to compare two or more IDSs, how to evaluate the performance of an IDS, and how to determine the best configuration of the IDS. In an effort to analyze and solve these related problems, evaluation metrics such as the Bayesian detection rate, the expected cost, the sensitivity and the intrusion detection capability have been introduced. In this paper, we study the advantages and disadvantages of each of these performance metrics and analyze them in a unified framework. Additionally, we introduce the intrusion detection operating characteristic (IDOC) curves as a new IDS performance tradeoff which combines in an intuitive way the variables that are more relevant to the intrusion detection evaluation problem. We also introduce a formal framework for reasoning about the performance of an IDS and the proposed metrics against adaptive adversaries. We provide simulations and experimental results to illustrate the benefits of the proposed framework.